先进钢铁材料技术国家工程研究中心

发稿时间:2020-04-10浏览次数:69

 

先进钢铁材料技术国家工程研究中心(National Engineering and Research Center for Advanced Steel Technology, NERCAST)是以钢铁研究总院、北京科技大学、上海大学、武汉钢铁(集团)公司、辽宁特殊钢集团有限责任公司、新冶高科技集团有限公司发起,联合上海宝钢集团公司、攀枝花钢铁(集团)公司、东北大学、鞍山钢铁集团公司、首钢总公司、太原钢铁(集团)有限公司、江苏沙钢集团有限公司共13家股东单位共同出资组建的。公司注册资本11000万元,其中钢铁研究总院出资5000万元,占45.455%,其余12家股东每家出资500万元,各占4.545%

● 中心的目标

中心将建设一流的先进钢铁材料理论技术创新、研究开发及工程产业化的人才队伍和技术装备,成为先进钢铁材料技术工程、产业化的研发平台,成为先进钢铁材料技术人才培训的基地。以此促进整个钢铁行业技术水平的提升,提高我国在国际钢铁材料领域的核心竞争力,不断满足国民经济发展的需要。

● 中心的主要任务

加快先进钢铁材料技术研究成果的工程化和产业化、对之进行完整的工程化和集成化的研究开发、尽快形成成套成熟的先进工艺技术与装备,使研发、工程、生产及应用诸环节的优势力量得以集成并迅速推广。同时,在此基础上强化先进钢铁材料技术的研发力度,不断推出创新性成果。

● 中心的近中期任务

经过多年的持续研发,我们目前已经在高洁净度钢技术、超细组织形成技术和组织与成分高均质化技术几大关键技术方面取得重大进展,具备了技术工程化和产业化的初步条件。采用上述集成和推广关键技术,使钢铁材料的强度和寿命大幅度提高。

● 中心目前可转化的主要技术成果

先进钢铁材料中心组建后,将在已有研发成果的基础上首先转化下述关键技术:

1)高洁净度钢的冶炼技术;

2)高均质(全等轴晶)连铸坯的生产技术;

3)微合金化钢技术;

4)超细组织钢铁材料的热加工技术;

5)钢铁材料组织性能预报及技术。

这些技术可应用于碳素结构钢、高强度低合金钢、合金结构钢、超高强度钢、不锈钢和耐热钢的生产。这些钢类的产量占全国钢材生产和消费量的60%70%,其主要用途为:

高性能碳素结构钢:用于建筑、汽车和桥梁等。

高强度低合金钢:用于汽车、建筑、能源和运输等。

合金结构钢/高韧性超高强度钢:用于汽车、铁路车辆和机械制造等。

不锈钢和耐热钢:用于石化、能源、海洋工程、桥梁建筑、汽车等。

为尽快实现中心的功能,近期的主要工作

尽快建设科研成果近生产条件下的技术成果验证环境、为促进科研成果产业化和工程化二次开发创造必要的硬件条件;

组织对现有的、具有长远价值的阶段性科研成果,进行完整的工程化、集成化的二次开发,形成成套的产业化技术与装备,促进技术成果应用。

根据学科发展趋势及我国本世纪经济、国防建设的需要,制定中心近、中、长期的研发与工程化、产业化规划,并根据规划开展持续创新的重大方向性研究。

建立高水平技术和管理人才的培训体系和面向国内外的技术决策咨询体系。以加快先进钢铁材料推广应用为目的,有选择和有针对性地开展相关的应用研究及协助应用部门建立使用规范。

积极开展多种形式的国际学术、技术和人才的交流;在可能条件下吸收国外资金、人才、机构甚至企业加盟,办成具有重要国际影响力的机构。

● 经营战略

中心坚持体制创新、技术创新作为推动中心发展的着力点, 以服务于钢铁企业的技术进步为宗旨,促进企业快速成长,发展潜力持续增强,整体效益不断提高。以具有自主知识产权的创新性技术研发为基础,采取官、产、学、研、用相结合的方式,以工程化、产业化的推广应用为手段,促进我国钢铁产业的可持续发展并增强其国际竞争力。

1)技术领先战略。在冶金行业技术进步所需的共性和关键性技术,以及重大前沿性技术方面,重点突破新一代的钢铁材料和国防军工尖端技术所需先进材料及制品,提高中心技术竞争力。

2)开放经营战略。加强与行业内生产企业、其他钢铁材料应用企业的联系,整合行业及其他机构的研究力量和资源方面,把工程中心建设成先进钢铁材料研发、推广的枢纽和平台。

3)一体化、国际化的发展战略。实现科技成果与金融资本相结合;国际先进技术和国内系统技术相结合;材料领域与环保、信息、生物领域相结合。

4)整体规划、分步实施的滚动发展战略。

● 经营计划

在完善自身建设的同时,中心将分阶段地以成果产业化和工程化业务为核心,拓展中心的各种业务,努力增加收入,实现中心的目标和任务。

以成套技术、装备及工程承包进入市场;

以新产品的研发和技术代理销售进入市场;

承接国家、股东和其它企业的产品及技术开发任务;

技术咨询和中介业务。

● 中心建设

中心的建设坚持充分利用股东单位现有条件和已有投资的原则,资源共享、市场化运作的原则;在股东单位已有的条件将不进行重复建设,将采取协议挂牌方式有偿使用。因此先进钢铁材料技术国家工程研究中心的建设主要包括材料研究、工艺实验、工程设计、各种性能和组织实验检测以及试验验证等必要的手段和能力,中心的建设地点在北京。

主要建设内容、规模如下:

1)先进钢铁材料研发中心 :

研发中心建设地点在钢铁研究总院院内,主要作为中心研究开发、工程设计、学术和技术交流、人才培养、工艺实验和分析检测的场所以及中心各机构的办公场所。结合中心拟转化的科研成果和中心长远科研发展布局的考虑,建立如下实验条件:

钢铁材料精细(结构)分析实验室

钢铁材料性能表征-评价-研究实验室

钢铁材料环境适应性研究实验室

高洁净与特种冶金实验室

组织性能预报与仿真实验室

先进热处理实验室

材料应用研究实验室

2)近生产的中试验证基地:

中心将建设近生产中试验证基地,作为成果转化的初级阶段。在相对简化的近生产条件下,在比较宽的范围内对相关技术参数进行调节、组合及测量,为下一步的验证及相应数据库的建立提供依据。近生产验证线具备冶炼与连铸、轧制、锻造与热处理等基本验证条件。配合相关实验室的建立,所验证的结果将从理论和实践两方面得到证实,最终在各股东单位的中试验证线上形成成熟可靠、全流程的成套技术并在生产实际中得到应用。

该验证基地占地约20亩,建设地点为北京中关村永丰高新技术产业基地,验证线的建设主要包括以下几部分:6210平方米实验厂房,多功能冶炼机组,连铸机组,长型材、扁平材轧制机组,锻造机组等中试验证装备。

  

National Engineering and ResearchCenter for Advanced Steel Technology

National Engineering and Research Center for Advanced Steel Technology (abbr. NERCAST) was founded and financed by 13 companies, including Central Iron & Steel Research Institute, Beijing Science and Technology University, Shanghai University, Wuhan Iron and Steel (Group) Corporation, Liaoning Special Steel Co., Ltd, New Metallurgy Hi-Tech Group Co., Shanghai Baoshan Iron and Steel Group, Pangang Group Co., Ltd., Northeastern University, Anshan Iron and Steel Corporation, Shougang Group, Taiyuan Iron and Steel Group and Jiangsu Shagang Group. The registered capital of NERCAST was 110 million. Central Iron & Steel Research Institute invested 50 million, accounting for 45.455% shares. For the other 12 companies, each of them contributed 5miliion, accounting for 4.545% shares.

¨Objectives

The objectives are to develop innovative theories, technologies and equipments for advanced steel and their industrialization; to be the R&D platform for advanced steels; to be the training base for technological personnel; and finally to promote the competence of steel industry in China, and to meet the requirements of national economic development.

¨Tasks

The main tasks are to accelerate industrialization process of advanced steel technologies and equipments, to maximize our competence in integrating R&D, engineering, industrialization and application. Meanwhile, more efforts will be devoted to the R&D of advanced steel technologies.

¨Short & middle term tasks

Significant progresses have been made in high purity steels, ultra-fine grained steels, and high homogenized steels. Preliminary conditions for the industrialization of those technologies have come into existence. By using the above mentioned technology, the strength and average life-spam of steels will be significantly improved.

¨Main technological achievements which can be industrialized

(1)Steelmaking technology of high purity steels

(2)Production technology of continuous-cast slabs with highly homogeneous (equiaxed) grains

(3)Technologies related with micro-alloyed steels

(4)Hot processing technologies of ultra-fine grain steels

(5)Prediction of microstructure-property in steels

The technologies can be applied to plain carbon structural steel, high-strength low-alloyed steel, alloyed structural steel, ultra-high strength steel, stainless steel and heat resistant steel. The steels mentioned above account for 60%~70% of the total output of our steel industry. The primary applications of these steels are as follows:

High-performance carbon structural steels: Building, automobile, bridges et al.

High-strength low-alloy steel: automobile, building, energy, transportation et al.

Alloyed structural steel / high-toughness ultra-high strength steel: automobile, railway vehicles, machinery manufacture et al.

Stainless steel and heat resistant steel: petrochemical industry, energy, ocean engineering, building, bridges, automobile et al.

Recent works are as follows: (1) setup the verification environment which is similar to the industrial practice; (2) organize the Secondary development of presently available and long-term valuable research achievements; (3) develop serials of technologies and equipments; (4) promote the application.

According to the requirements of national economic development and national defense, the plan for R&D and industrialization is made. Further more, special attentions will be paid to the key research directions.

A training system for high-level technological and management personnel, as well as a consulting system (domestic and international) will be established. In order to promote the production and application of advanced steels, application researches and regulations establishment will be selectively carried out.

International academic exchanges will be strengthened. Overseas capitals, talented researchers, institutes and even companies are welcome to join NERCAST.

¨Development Strategy

Innovation is the driving force for our development. NERCAST primarily provides services for steel companies. NERCAST follows the way of combing “government, industry, university, research and industrialization, and tries to realize the sustainable development and to improve the international competition of steel industry in China.

(1)Technological leadership strategy

Promote the competence of NERCAST in key and common technologies, especially the frontier technology; put special effort to the development of new generation steels and advanced materials required by national defense area.

(2)Open management strategy

Strengthen the link with industry; integrate the research resource and capacity; establish a platform for R&D and industrialization of advanced steels at NERCAST.

(3)Development strategy of integration and internationalization:

Realize the combination of capital and scientific research, the combination of environment protection, information technology and biology with material science.

(4)Development strategy of overall planning and distributed implementation.

¨Management plan

Industrialization of research achievements will be the most important businesses at NERCAST. In order to increase our benefits, the management plan is made as follows.

Industrialization of technologies and equipments

Development of new products and agency for technology sales;

Projects for new product and technology development from government and shareholders and other companies

Technological consultation and intermediary business

¨NERCAST construction

The basic principals are to make full use of the existing facilities, to share the resources of shareholders and to follow market operation. The usage of the existing facilities should be paid for. NERCAST, which locates in Beijing, will have the necessary means and abilities for material research, processing experiment, engineering design, and various microstructure characterization and mechanical properties testing.

The construction of NERCAST includes:

(1) R&D center for advanced steel material:

The R&D center, which locates inside the Central Iron & Steel Research Institute; will be the workplace for R&D activities, engineering design, academic exchanges, training, testing and analysis. The experimental facilities include:

Laboratory for fine structure analysis in steels

Laboratory for testing-evaluation-research of steel properties

Laboratory for environmental adaptability research of steels

Laboratory for high purity steel and special metallurgy

Laboratory for prediction and simulation of microstructure and property in steels

Laboratory for advanced heat-treatment technologies

Laboratory for research on materials’ application

(2) Pilot experimental base

The preliminary stage for the industrialization of technologies will be conducted at the pilot experimental base, providing the comparable processing parameters for the final industrialization. The pilot experimental base will be capable of steelmaking, continuous casting, hot rolling, forging and heat treatment. The pilot experimental results will be verified both from theoretical and practical perspective. Finally, the new technologies or equipments can be applied to industrial production.

The base, which locates at Yongfeng high-tech industry base in Zhongguancun, Beijing, will occupy 20 acres. The base includes 6210m2 experimental plant, multi-functional melting unit, continuous casting unit, rolling unit for long and flat steels, forging unit et al.